한국수산과학회

ISSN NUMBER

  • pISSN
  • :
  • 0374-8111
  • |
  • eISSN
  • :
  • 2287-8815

Open Access Journal

UTIL MENU



SEARCH FOR ARTICLE

검색

kfas, vol. 54, no. 5, pp.624-633, October, 2021
DOI. https://doi.org/10.5657/KFAS.2021.0624

Effects of Dietary Mealworm Tenebrio molitor Larvae and Black Soldier
Fly Hermetia illucens Larvae on Pacific White Shrimp Litopenaeus
vannamei: Innate Immune Responses, Anti-oxidant Enzyme Activity,
Disease Resistance against Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Growth
사료 내 갈색거저리(Tenebrio molitor) 유충과 동애등에(Hermetia illucens)
유충의 첨가에 따른 흰다리새우(Litopenaeus vannamei)의 비특이적 면
역력, 항산화력, Vibrio parahaemolyticus에 대한 저항성 및 성장 효과

신재형·신재범·엄건호·이경준1*
제주대학교 해양생명과학과, 1제주대학교 해양과학연구소

This study was conducted to determine the supplemental effects of two insect meals, mealworm (MW) and black soldier
fly (BSF), with high or low lipid levels in diets, on Pacific white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei. Sardine and tuna
by-product meals were used as the fish meal source in a control (Con) diet. The fish meals were replaced with MW,
defatted MW (deMW), BSF or defatted BSF (deBSF), respectively. The shrimp (body weight: 0.47 g) were stocked
into 20 acryl tanks (215 L) and fed the diets six times a day. After 45 days of the feeding trial, the shrimp that were fed
insect meals had significantly higher phenoloxidase and superoxide dismutase activities than the shrimp fed Con diet.
The gene expressions of prophenoloxidase, crustin and penaeidine-3c in shrimp hepatopancrease were also higher in
shrimp that were fed the insect diets, regardless of defatting than those in shirmp that were fed Con diet. The survival
against Vibrio parahaemolyticus was higher in shrimp that were fed the diets containing defatted insect meals than
in shrimp that were fed Con diet. These results indicate that MW and BSF, regardless of lipid levels, could be good
protein sources for the enhancement of innate immunity and anti-oxidant capacity of the shrimp.

Keyword : Insect meal, Black soldier fly, Mealworm, Pacific white shrimp, Protein source

Download :


Copyrightⓒ 2014 The Korean Society of Fisheries and Aquatic Science
All Rights Reserved.

Editorial Office Pukyong National University, 45 Yongso-ro, Nam-gu, Busan 608-737, Korea TEL : 82.51.629.7363 | FAX : 82.51.626.1039 | E-mail : kosfas@kosfas.or.kr