한국해양과학기술원 해양생태연구센터, 1한국해양과학기술원 해양생물자원연구단
The oxygen consumption rate (OCR) based on the water temperature and body size of the sea squirt Halocynthia roretzi was examined to provide quantitative information about the metabolic response of the species. OCRs were measured using a closed flow-through respirometer at four different water temperatures (10, 15, 20 and 25°C) and two different body sizes (21.4±1.1 g and 150.5±1.3 g, wet weight) with triplicates of each treatment. OCR increased as water temperature increased at both body sizes, but decreased as body size increased regardless of the water temperature (P<0.001). The effect of body size evaluated as a power function ranged from 0.8055 to 0.8884. The highest Q10 values in the small and large size groups ranged from 15 to 20°C and 20 to 25°C, respectively. The metabolic daily energy loss rate via respiration at all tested temperatures ranged from 56.2 to 106.1 J g-1 d-1 in the small-size group and from 44.5 to 92.0 J g-1 d-1 in the large-size group. Our results indicate that the metabolic response of H. roretzi highly depends on fluctuating water temperature at a given life stage.
Halocynthia roretzi, Oxygen consumption, Physiology, Temperature, Body mass