OPEN ACCESS plSSN : 0374-8111 | elSSN : 2287-8815
OPEN ACCESS plSSN : 0374-8111elSSN : 2287-8815
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kfas, vol. 55, no. 5, pp.541-548, October, 2022

Comparison of Dietary Protein Levels on Growth Performance of Far
Eastern Catfish Silurus asotus and Water Quality in Biofloc Technology
and Flow-through Systems

정해승·박준성·김형수·이동길·황주애*
국립수산과학원 첨단양식실증센터

  • ABSTRACT

    Biofloc technology (BFT) systems provides an additional protein source for fish by converting waste in microbial flocs. Therefore, we aimed to determine the difference in the protein levels of the diet of Far Eastern catfish Silurus asotus reared in BFT and FW systems. We applied a two-way (six protein levels × two aquaculture systems) ANOVA design. We formulated six experimental diets to contain different protein levels (CPs)- 20%, 25%, 30%, 35%, 40% and 45%-referred to as the CP20, CP25, CP30, CP35, CP40 and CP45 diets, respectively. We randomly distributed 900 fish into 36 (18 each for BFT and FW), 300 L tanks (25 fish/tank) with three replications of each diet for 4 weeks. The weight gain (WG) and specific growth rate (SGR) considerably improved as the dietary protein level increased in the formulated diets. The BFT fish showed higher growth performance with any experimental diet than the FW fish. The growth performance of the fish fed the BFT-CP35 diet was higher than that of the fish fed the FW-CP45 diet. In conclusion, the cultivation of Far Eastern catfish (S. asotus) in BFTs can be carried out under reduced dietary protein levels.

  • Keyword

    Far Eastern catfish, Biofloc technology, Fresh water, Protein levels, Water quality