OPEN ACCESS plSSN : 0374-8111 | elSSN : 2287-8815
OPEN ACCESS plSSN : 0374-8111elSSN : 2287-8815
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kfas, vol. 55, no. 5, pp.742-750, October, 2022

Genetic Identification Monitoring of Cobitidae Distribution in Korea

김현석·신지영·양준호·차은지·양지영*
부경대학교 식품공학과

  • ABSTRACT

    This study aimed to monitor the distribution of Cobitidae in Korea by the identification of species using genetic analysis. Based on the genetic analysis, Cobitidae species in four of five domestic fish farms consisted of only Chinese muddy loach Misgurnus mizolepis, but muddy loach Misgurnus anguillicaudatus was also present it in one fish farm. In the case of imported Cobitidae species, in addition to Chinese muddy loach and muddy loach, the harmful species Paramisgurnus dabryanus, was also present. Chinese muddy loach accounted for 20%, 67%, and 60% of the S6, S7, and S8 samples, respectively. An analysis of the total length, body length, and weight showed that domestic Chinese muddy loach showed higher values than imported muddy loach, and imported Chinese muddy loach showed similar values to P. dabryanus. There were no significant differences in the country of origin of the three species. Thus, the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I gene sequence was analyzed and compared the verification of species identification. The three species of Cobitidae were genetically divided into three groups and determined to have genetic differences. These results indicate that it is necessary to reduce the heterogeneous mixing rate through discriminating species by genetic analysis.

  • Keyword

    Cobitidae, Monitoring, Species identification, Genetic method