OPEN ACCESS plSSN : 0374-8111 | elSSN : 2287-8815
OPEN ACCESS plSSN : 0374-8111elSSN : 2287-8815
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kfas, vol. 55, no. 6, pp.886-893, December, 2022 DOI. https://doi.org/10.5657/KFAS.2022.0886

Effects of Dietary Silymarin on Growth Performance, Feed Utilization,
Innate Immunity and Antioxidant Capacity of Pacific White Shrimp
Litopenaeus vannamei

신단비†·Udith Wijemanna†·김한세·윤관식1·이경준2*
제주대학교 해양생명과학과, 1(주)시너젠, 2제주대학교 해양과학연구소

  • ABSTRACT

    This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary silymarin supplementation on the growth performance, feed utilization, innate immunity and antioxidant capacity of Pacific white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei. Four experimental diets were formulated to contain 0, 0.025, 0.05 and 0.1% silymarin (designated as Con, S0025, S005 and S01, respectively). Triplicate groups of shrimp (initial body weight: 0.70 g) were fed each of the diets for 6 weeks. After the feeding trial, weight gain and specific growth rate were significantly higher in silymarin-supplemented groups compared to Con group. Dietary silymarin significantly enhanced protein efficiency ratio of S01 group and reduced feed conversion ratio of S005 and S01 groups. Phenoloxidase and anti-protease activities were significantly higher in S01 group compared to Con group. Glutathione peroxidase and catalase activities were significantly higher in silymarin-supplemented groups compared to those of Con group. The results of this study indicate that dietary silymarin could improve the growth performance, feed utilization, innate immunity and antioxidant capacity of Pacific white shrimp. The optimum level of silymarin in diet for Pacific white shrimp is suggested to be ≥0.025%.

  • Keyword

    Silymarin, Growth performance, Innate immunity, Antioxidant capacity, Pacific white shrimp