OPEN ACCESS plSSN : 0374-8111 | elSSN : 2287-8815
OPEN ACCESS plSSN : 0374-8111elSSN : 2287-8815
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kfas, vol. 55, no. 6, pp.967-972, December, 2022 DOI.

Morphological and Molecular Identification of Two Macrourid Species
(Gadiformes) Collected by the Korean Observer from the Southern Ocean

부경대학교 수산생명과학부 자원생물학전공, 1국립수산과학원 원양자원과


    We investigated the molecular and morphological traits of 338 individual macrourids collected from the Southern Ocean (FAO area number, 88.1 and 88.3) between 2021 and 2022 by Korean bottom trawls. We first identified them as Macrourus caml and Macrourus whitsoni based on morphological traits, such as the number of pelvic fin rays (PF) and the rows of lower jaw teeth (LJT). However four individuals showed uncategorizable morphological characteristics such as PF and LJT numbers that overlapped between the two species. Subsequently, we obtained and analyzed 509 bp of the mtDNA COI sequences of 49 individuals, including the four unidentified individuals, and found only one single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) that distinguished the two species. Finally, using our molecular identification key, we confirmed that each two individuals were misidentified as M. whitsoni and M. caml reversely. Our results suggest that the number of PF and LJT should be investigated together to accurately identify the two species.

  • Keyword

    Macrourus caml, Macrourus whitsoni, Morphology, COI, Southern ocean