OPEN ACCESS plSSN : 0374-8111 | elSSN : 2287-8815
OPEN ACCESS plSSN : 0374-8111elSSN : 2287-8815
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kfas, vol. 55, no. 6, pp.927-937, December, 2022 DOI. https://doi.org/10.5657/KFAS.2022.0927

Reproductive Characteristics of Pacific Anchovy Engraulis japonicus
from the Southern Waters of Korea

문성용·백근욱1·이미희·김희용2*·정경미2
국립수산과학원 남해수산연구소, 1경상국립대학교 해양과학대학 양식생명과학과, 2국립수산과학원 연근해자원과

  • ABSTRACT

    The reproductive characteristics of Pacific anchovy, Engraulis japonicus were investigated using samples randomly collected from the southern waters of Korea between January and December 2021. We analyzed monthly changes in maturity stages, gonadosomatic index (GSI), egg diameter, fecundity, and fork length (FL) at sexual groups maturity of 50%, 75% and 97.5%, and sex ratio (female:male). GSI value showed two peaks in May and August; however, microscopic analysis of E. japonicus gonad tissue revealed that the spawning period was from March to October. The main spawning seasons for the entire populations were from April to June and August to September. The overall sex ratio was female-biased (1 females, 0.89 male). The fecundity (F) of female anchovies ranged from 429 eggs at an FL of 8.0 cm to 13,824 eggs at an FL of 14.9 cm and the relationship between FL and F was 0.0788FL4.422. The FL at 50% group maturity was 8.26 cm for female anchovies. Based on the results, we suggest that the reproductive cycle in Pacific anchovies may be related to pulses in water temperature and the sexual cycle of the fish.

  • Keyword

    Pacific anchovy, Reproductive characteristics, Spawning season, Size at maturity